The South African state serves the interests of the elite group and this has been proven as a matter of fact by various studies of inequality. This truth was recently exposed by the Marikana massacre; where the interests of the economic elites were being protected. The poor workers were denied the resources that would enable them to have better living conditions and to provide proper education for their children so that they could have a chance to live in a society promoting equality. This is a clear demonstration of how and why the government has not been able to bring about significant changes in the lives of the ordinary people.
A Marxist perspective traces social inequality almost to the beginning of time. Social inequality was socially constructed in the early development of class societies, when human beings began to settle in agricultural societies in which private ownership was their basis of operation. This perspective suggests that the shift from primitive communism is the core of social inequality. Social inequality is the difference in the standards of living between individuals or a group in society. It can be measured by income, consumptions, assets and social or political activities. Stewart & Zaaiman (2015) suggest that social inequality can also be defined by the way in which a group or individuals are able to dominate others.
The political elites are a threat to the fight against unemployment and poverty. Programs that are aimed at addressing these socio-economic issues are not implemented democratically. For example, it is only the political elites and the economic elites that are able to influence how tenders are awarded. There have been many investigations that have revealed that tender invitations are published on newspapers to portray a “fair” process while the elite groups have already influenced this process.
The recent removal of Jacob Zuma from office has raised questions to the changes of the level of debates and the existence of political ideology in structures such as parliament. It is now interesting to see if political parties will move from party-political grandstanding to addressing serious social issues and engaging in intellectually apt conversations. One might suggest that the first sign of socially apt conversations began with an EFF motion to expropriate land without compensation in terms of addressing social issues.
The South African political landscape has become interesting and is fast changing. The radical nature of the EFF and the resolutions of the 54th conference of the ANC particularly nationalization of the Reserve Bank and expropriation of land-call for attentive watch of our political leadership.